Sewing Machine – Greatest Invention in the World

sewing machine invention

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There are so many inventions that really give a big impact to the worldwide economy. One of which is sewing machines. Since sewing machines were invented many years ago, the world economy had been getting increased. He was Isaac Merrit who had found a practical sewing machine with an up and down mechanism. His sewing machine was really good and it started to be published in the United States for industry only. Two years later, they produced a lot of sewing machines and sold them to the worldwide garment industry.

Basically, a sewing machine was produced specifically for the garment industry in the line production. It is called an industrial sewing machine that has a different function from the household sewing machine. It is created to do a special sewing function like making straight stitches and embroidery. Meanwhile, there is another type of sewing machine which is created for a production line when making such clothing.

Somehow, before 1889, there is nobody that can use a sewing machine individually. But, since 1889, the production of sewing machines intentionally target individual use. Since that year, all of the women were allowed to make their family clothing and learned to sew using a sewing machine. It is a household sewing machine which is commonly used by an individual user that has some functions such as making zigzag stitches, sewing straight stitches, button stitching, making buttonholes, and much more.

Within two years, the manufacturer had been successfully producing sewing machines to worldwide market. Meanwhile, there were other manufacturers that also tried to produce similar sewing machine with different brands. There were also some manufacturers that made some cool antique sewing machines. The emergence of sewing machine did make everybody excited and made them easy to create innovative clothing.

invention of sewing mahcine worldwideNowadays, some of the people still use classic sewing machine using a manual way or foot pedal. In fact, some manufacturers have been producing a lot of electronic sewing machine that can be much easier. A sewing machine which is not computerized is called as mechanical sewing machine despite the electronic one has the same function. Besides, the modern sewing machines using electricity can give a better stitching result. If we see it from the function, then mechanical sewing machine is cheaper than electronic sewing machines.

You can buy a mechanical sewing machine at only 80 dollars up to 1200 dollars for complete features. Meanwhile, the modern sewing machine may reach up to 5000 dollars. For a beginner, you can choose the manual one using a mechanical sewing machine, but if you have mastered all the techniques, choosing the modern one can be a good idea.

The fact is that all of the sewing machines can be used for many years and you only need to buy and replace some sewing items when needed. You may see that there are a lot of classic sewing machines that are still being used until today. It proves that sewing machine can be a good investment. Your classic sewing machine may still operate, but you will have difficulties to find the spare parts just in case you need one.

Well, that is some information about the emergence of sewing machine that really influences the worldwide economy. Sewing machines make everybody easy to create good clothing so they can build their own business to sell their creativity.

Sewing Machine Feed Mechanisms

Sewing machines are very popular because they do what people used to do using their own hands and they finish the job quickly and beautifully. Apart from the movement of the needles, the fabric must move as well so that a new part of the fabric is involved in a different cycle of the needle. This is called the feed mechanism. There are different feed mechanisms that are used by different sewing machines.

Drop feed

This is probably the most common type of feed mechanism where the needle is withdrawn from the material and then a group of feed dogs will be pushed through the slots and past the needle to grab the material, while the presser foot will keep the material in contact with the feed dogs. Then the needle will pass through the next cycle and the dogs will go back to their place. When the needle is in the material there will be no feeding action.

Differential feed

This is different from the drop feed mechanism because there are 2 different sets of dogs, one of them is before and the other is after the needle. Overlock machines usually use this kind of feed because it is useful to stitch stretchy material.

Needle feed

This type of feed is only common in industrial machines and can’t be seen in household sewing machines. In this kind of feed, the material is moved while the needle is in the material.

Walking foot

This replaces the presser foot with one that moves. As it does, it shifts the work piece and the material with it. It is usually used to sew heavy material where the needle feed wouldn’t be enough. It can be also used to sew spongy materials or when trying to sew several layers together.

Puller feed

This can be found in some industrial and household machines. The material being sewn is grabbed from behind the needles and is pulled with force. They are used to sew heavy materials like tents and car covers.

Manual feed

This is used in freehand embroidery, shoe repair and quilting. The motion of the material being sewn will control the stitch length and direction. Some kind of stabilizing will be used to keep the  material in place and under the right tension. Most household machines can be set to manual feed. The type of feeding mechanism will differ according to the material you are sewing.

What You Need to Know When Buying A Sewing Machine

sewing store photo

Photo by kellyhogaboom

Well, you still have time to learn to sew and this can be your best time to be a creative person in making some cool dresses or just have fun with it. Therefore, you need to think about buying a new sewing machine, but you also need to keep in mind these following things when you buy a sewing machine.

Finding a Trustworthy Store


Sewing machines can only be found in a certain shop and you can find some sewing machines stores in your city. But, the most important thing is to find the most trustworthy store that provides good product and service for you. Some of the sewing machine stores also provide sewing kits and make sure that they also sell them. Overall, you must buy it from a proper store that sells what you need. Moreover, a trustworthy and experienced store must provide good assistants either. If you are not treated very well by the seller or assistants, you can choose other stores. A good assistant will explain and guide you to choose the best sewing machine for you.

Considering the Store Collection

If any, you are recommended to buy a sewing machine from a store which has all of the sewing requirements you need. A big store must provide some types of sewing machines and other sewing materials. Here, you are no need to find other stores when you need some items related to sewing necessities. You can also ask the store assistants if only you have some questions and they must be giving a good respond to you.

Preparing the Budget

budget photoMoney is everything that you need when you are about to buy a sewing machine. That’s why you need to prepare the budget according to the type of sewing machine you want to buy. It is advisable for you to buy the best sewing machine so that you can use it forever. But, it must be a bit expensive. It is alright because a sewing machine is an investment that you can use to earn money when producing dresses and sell them to buyers. However, you can actually buy the cheap one if you do not have enough money or at least you can use it to learn how to sew from the basics.

Considering the Functionality

Functionality is also important when you want to buy a sewing machine. You must know what kind of sewing machine you want to use. It can be more fun if you choose the fancy one with a few fancy stitches which can be used to sew knit fabrics. One more thing that you must keep in mind is the automatic button hole maker to make your project easier to do. Some of the sewing machines are available with an automatic needle threader. Another important thing to consider is the foot pedal. You have to make sure the foot pedal is comfortable to avoid legs fatigue. There are more things that you can consider so that you can get the best sewing machine to buy.

Considering the Sewing Machine Quality

quality photoOf course, the quality of the sewing machine is the most important thing to consider. It can be seen from the brand. If you know the best brand, then you will also get the best sewing machine. A good quality sewing machine must be easy to operate, it does not produce any shaking, it is silent when working, and much more. If the sewing machine has wood material, then you must choose the best one with a hard wood material. Besides, you also have to think about other necessities such as screwdrivers, spare bobbins, a brush. You can also ask for a recommendation to choose the best sewing machine from the experts.

Product Manual and Warranty

guarantee photoIf you buy a sewing machine from a trustworthy seller, then you will get one year warranty. You may replace with the new one just in case there is a problem when you use the sewing machine. Moreover, a sewing machine also commonly has a manual book to show you how to use the sewing machine and provides some techniques of sewing. The last thing that you need to consider is the service center. It is better for you to buy a sewing machine which can be repaired easily when it is broken or at least there is a service center available in your city just in case you get some problems on your sewing machines.

Things To Consider Before Sewing

pants photoMaking some shirts, pants, and other clothing items can be a fun thing to do and everybody can learn how to sew and have fun with it. Besides, you can also save your money when you sew your cloth by yourself. You can learn how to sew well from the experts and when you finally figure it out and master the proper technique of sewing, and then you can start your own project and make money and run your own shop. However, you need to consider several things before you start sewing. What are those?

Following a Sewing Course

You may learn how to sew alone, but it may take a long time to succeed if you have no sewing teacher, especially if you learn it from zero. But, if you have some skills in sewing, then you can learn it by yourself. Learning how to sew can be started from picking up a sewing needle. Once you succeed to do it, and then you can go on to the next chapter. For the difficult sewing lesson, you may join some community center around your location and learn from the experts. You may need to spend your money to pay the course fee, but it is alright because knowledge is expensive, so just go on.

Buying Sewing Machine

You have just learned how to sew well from the master, so it is time for you to implement it at home. As a beginner, you need to buy your own sewing machine photo and you can choose the basic one. There are so types of sewing machines available and you can buy the simple one to improve your sewing skill. Besides, you also need to choose the highest quality sewing machine model to make sure that it is durable. Well, now you can learn and continue to learn how to sew well at home. You need to get used to doing it and just learn and learn every day and never give up.

Preparing the Sewing Necessities

The sewing machine is not just enough because you also need other supplies and equipment. You probably have known some tools needed during the course, now it is time for you to prepare the whole necessities. You need to put all of the things in one place so that you can reach it easily. Though you have a sewing machine, you still need to do it by your hand such as picking up the sewing needle. But, it is not a big deal at all because as long as you love it, then everything will be fun. Here, you need to choose the things as you need them and you also need to be careful when dealing with needles.

Providing a Proper Room to Sew

sewing room photo

Photo by chatirygirl

Sewing is about concentration and you need a calm place to focus on sewing. As a beginner, you really need to prepare your own private room to master the sewing learning. You must put all of the sewing necessities in one place and you need to organize them. If you have an empty room at home, then you can use it as your private sewing room. Any rooms can be used as your sewing room as long as it is comfortable and has enough light. Now, you can concentrate and focus on your learning how to sew well.

The Invention And Evolution Of Embroidery

embroidery photoWhat Is Embroidery?

Embroidery is a handicraft or art of decorating a fabric with thread/yarn and needle. It is a technique practiced for decades to enhance the appeal of a dress and fabric.

Materials For embroidery

The yarn and fabric used in traditional embroider differs from place to place. Linen, wool and silk has long been used as the most preferable fabric for embroidery. The thread used for embroidery could be rayon, cotton, silk and organza blend ribbon that is mostly used for floral motif designs.

Classification Of Embroidery


The technique of embroidery can be classified on the basis of designs and fabric it is stitched upon. The free embroidery design can be applied anywhere, regardless of the fabric. The examples of this technique include Japanese, Chinese and crewel stitch.

The counted-thread embroidery pattern is developed by creating the stitches over a defined number of threads in the fabric foundation. The counted-thread technique works the best on fabric like aida, canvas, cotton and linen. These techniques are also named as needlepoint and black work embroidery.

History Of Embroidery

embroidery photo

The origin of this beautiful handicraft can be traced back to the Cro-Magnon period of 30,000 BC. An archeological find discovered the remains of decorated clothing, hat and boots. Around 5000 BC in Siberia the yarn decorated shells that were stitched with animal hides were found. The thread embroidery of Chinese tradition can be traced back to the 3500 BC, of images that depict decorative clothing with precious stones, pearls and silk thread. The example of Chain stitch, which is a Chinese technique can be found dating back to the Warring States period.

The needlework art is believed to come from Middle East. The primitive human kind was quick in establishing stitches used to connect together animal skins and used for embellishments. The history of sculptures, vases and paintings depicts how ancient civilization wore the embroidered clothes.

Embroidery was also used on household clothing, religious objects and other household items like bed sheets, curtains, vases holders and more. It was also a mark of class differentiation where the elite culture of India, China, Persia, Byzantium, Japan and Baroque Europe enjoyed the trend of embroidered clothes. The guilds and professional workshops started in the Medieval England. These workshops were often called the English work. The manufacturer of the first embroidery machine was St. Gallen from Switzerland who introduced it in the 19th century.

The process of embroidery used to patch, mend tailor and reinforce the cloth with all its decorative possibilities. The sewing technique initially led to this craft of embroidery. Detailed freehand stitched thread design started to mix between the age of machine work when the wool-work and needlework of Berlin appeared. The Berlin wool-work embroidery became popular in no time. The introduction of printed color patterns for the need of calculating stitches became popular. The freehand embroidery introduced new techniques like using beads and ribbons in the 1800s.

embroidery photoIn the canvas work, the threads were stitched with a fabric mesh to develop dense patterns which completely covered the fabric foundation.  The traditional canvas work like Bergello is a thread technique. Ever since 19th century, the hand painted and printed canvases were used as the guide to place the location of thread and colors. It eliminated the stress of counting threads. It was more suited to the pictorial designs rather than more geometrical designs, the craze of which began in the early 19th century.

In the drawn cut-work and thread work, the fabric foundation is cut way and deformed to develop holes which are them decorated with embroidery. Mostly with the same color of thread as that of the foundation fabric. This technique is the forerunner of needle lace. It is developed from white thread and is applied on white cotton or linen. This art work is referred as white work.

Embroidery artisans continued to practice this craft in the 19th century.  Many artisans revived this art instead of developing new designs and methods. Slowly, the quality and standard of the designs started to decline because of the new trend of modern machines and mass production of sample designs. The 19tth century is also thought as the period in which women started to work outside their homes. Domestic crafts started to decline and ready-made costumes became much more popular. The machine appeal took over and the hand crafted start decreasing.

Sample patterns were replaced with multiple other free hand techniques. During this period, the samples followed a picture and a rhyme to decorate fabric.

Embroidery Today

The traditional embroidery today can only be traced in some few Asian countries, as otherwise the technique has been replaced by machine made work that is faster, more pattern oriented than motif oriented. You may have to travel long way in the rural settings to find the artisans of traditional embroidery.

Textile Craft: What Every Beginner Must Know

Textile-making industry has witnessed a lot of changes in the past few decades. More people are becoming interested in the industry and the way things are done have changed a lot. Working as a fashion designer is very interesting; it is a constantly evolving field. Nonetheless, designing new cloths or piece of fabrics takes a lot of work and can be extremely competitive.

If you want to become successful as a fashion designer or go into textile crafting, you must understand the history and terms that are used in textile industry. You need to know how these crafts evolved from using only hands and needles to the sophisticated machines that we use today. You need to know the difference between sewing, embroidery, quilting and rest of them. Learning these terms will make you a better fashion designer and equip you with skills you need to produce beautiful and breath-taking designs.

Let’s take a look at some terms and history every fashion designer must know:

Sewing

sewing photo

Photo by Georgie Pauwels

Home sewing is an ancient hubby mostly done by women. However, it has evolved in recent years to become a profitable business. Before now and for over a thousand years, sewing was done manually by hand using nothing else but only a thread and needle. Fortunately, the first sewing machine was invented in the 19th century.

In the 20th century, there is an increase in the production of sewing machine due to rise of computerization. However, this did not totally banish sewing by hand. Today, fine hand sewing is seen as a feature of high-quality tailoring, haute couture fashion, and custom dressmaking. Clothes sewed by hand are more expensive than those made with machines because of their special features.

Planning to start sewing? Before you can start sewing, you need to get familiar with some terms such as stitches, grain line, bobbins, inseam, point presser and rest of them. Don’t wait until you buy sewing machine before learning these terms.

Embroidery

Embroidery photo

Photo by sharonb

Embroidery, just like sewing is one of the oldest handcraft that involves decorating fabric with needle and thread or yarn. Apart from these tools, other materials such as beads, pearls, quills and even sequins can be used in embroidery.

Again, embroidery has witnessed lots of change in recent years. Today, there are even machines that can be used to easily do embroidery works. Embroidery are not only limited to clothes again, you can as well see them on hats, caps, coats, dress shirts, denim, blankets, stockings, and golf shirts. Embroidery work can be done with a wide variety of thread or yarn color.

The origin of embroidery is not clear. However, most historians believed it started from Asia specifically China and spread to other Asian countries such as Japan and India before making it way to England during colonization era.

Embroidery became automated in the mid-1800s during the industrial revolution era. A fashion designer can combine sewing and embroidery to create a beautiful cloth with awesome designs.

Crochet

Crochet photo

Photo by Dicemanic

Crochet is a lot like knitting, it involves creating fabric through the process of interlocking thread, yarn, or strands of their materials with a crochet hook. The major difference between crotchet and knitting is that every stitch in crotchet is completed before proceeding with the next one while a large number of stitches can be kept open at a time in knitting.

 

Appliqué

This form of art work is extensively used in quilting. It is simply an ornamental needlework which involves sewing together of pieces of fabric to form a picture or pattern. Appliqué has French origin and cloth made this way are an important art form in Benin, West African country. Additionally, appliqué is also used by Egyptian Khayamiya and the ralli quilts of India and Pakistan.

 

 

Fabric Felting

fabric felting

Photo By https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Felt

Felting simply refers to a process of producing textile through matting, condensing and pressing fibers together. Wool or other synthetic fibers such as petroleum-based acrylic can be used for felting.

 

Quilting

quilting photo

Quilting is a higher form of sewing. Most beginners usually ignore this part of fashion designing. This process involves creating a more padded material when a quilter sews two or more layers of fabric together. In most cases, quilting jobs are carried out with 3 layers. The first layer is called the upper fabric, also known as quilt top, the insulating material or batting and finally a backing material. However, a fashion designer can adopt a style that is more convenient to him.

Quilting works are done with thread and needle. It can be done with hand or by sewing machine which allows the movement of thread and also the needle through all the layers to hold the fabrics together. Additionally, it can be done with a specialized longarm quilting system. The person that does quilting is known as quilter and he can purchase his tools from quilt stores that deals on fabric, thread, patterns and other tools use in quilting.

Textile Printing

Textile Printing photoTextile printing is a higher form of designing. This is a little complex and mostly not done by beginners. It can be defined as an art of applying color to fabric in well-defined patterns or designs. When done properly, the color is made to bond with fiber in order to defy washing and friction. The act of textile printing is similar to dyeing; the major difference between the two is that dyeing involves covering the entire fabric with one color while multiple colors can be used in textile printing.

Conclusion

Textile craft indeed involves a whole lot of things. To be successful in textile making, it is important that you face one aspect. You can be a designer, a quilter or textile printer. Fortunately, there are sophisticated machine you can use to get these jobs done easily nowadays.